COVID-19, Coronavirus Symptoms and Treatment

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a new virus.

The disease causes respiratory illness (like flu) with symptoms such as a cough, fever, and in more severe cases, difficulty breathing.

You can protect yourself by the following:
  • Washing your hands frequently
  • Avoiding touching your face
  • Avoiding close contact (1 meter or 3 feet) with people who are unwell

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

How It Spreads?

Coronavirus disease spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough or sneeze. It also spreads when a person touches a surface or object that has the virus on it, then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth.


People may be sick with the virus for 1 to 14 days before developing symptoms. The most common symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Most of people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment.

More rarely, the disease can be serious and even fatal. Older people, and people with other medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease), may be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill.


People May Experience:

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Tiredness
  • Difficulty breathing (severe cases)

How to Prevent from COVID-19 (Coronavirus)?

  • Wash Hands: Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds, with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub
  • Elbow: Cover your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue or flexed elbow when you cough or sneeze
  • Touching: Don't touch your eyes, nose, or mouth if your hands are not clean
  • Keep Distance: Avoid close contact (1 meter or 3 feet) with people who are unwell
  • Stay at Home: Stay home and self-isolate from others in the household if you feel unwell


There is no specific medicine to prevent or treat Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). People may need supportive care to help them breathe.


If you have mild symptoms, stay at home until you've recovered. You can relieve your symptoms if you:
  • Rest and sleep
  • Keep warm
  • Drink plenty of liquids
  • Use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough

Medical Treatments

If you develop a fever, cough, and have difficulty breathing, promptly seek medical care. Call in advance and tell your health provider of any recent travel or recent contact with travelers.

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